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Everything you need to know about bladder cancer. #healthseries

#health series . Goodhealth=longlife-richness.

Cancer has long been one of the leading causes of death from the disease. Of all cancers, bladder cancer is the ninth most common cancer in the world, affecting about 430,000 people each year. India alone recorded 18,921 new cases of bladder cancer in 2020, with an incidence rate of 2.4 for men and 0.7 for women per lakh people by 2020. The mortality rate is 1.3 for men and 0.3 for women.


The bladder, an important organ, is involved in collecting and storing urine from the kidneys before it is removed. The bladder is a vessel with holes, muscles, and stretching (or stretching). This cancer starts when cells in the bladder membrane (urine cells) begin to grow poorly and out of control. Cells multiply over time, and the cancer can eventually spread to the bladder muscles or spread to other parts of the body. Urothelial cells are also found in the inner lining of the kidneys and ureters. Different types of bladder cancer are:

Urothelial Cancer: This type of cancer is also called a transitional cancer cell. It is a type of bladder cancer; tumors can also develop in the kidneys and ureter because they also interact with the urinary tract.
Adenocarcinoma: This is another rare type of bladder cancer that comes from a gland cell that secretes mucus in a vessel.

What are the symptoms

Hematuria (blood in the urine): this is a common method of presentation. It is important not to ignore visible or microscopic blood in the urine after 40 years.
Frequent urination and pain
Abdominal pain, lower back
Lack of urine

What are the risk factors


The main causes of bladder cancer include smoking, industrial exposure to potential carcinogens such as aromatic ammunition and black carbon dust, long-term use of arsenic or chlorine-contaminated water and family history of prostate cancer , endometrium and bladder.

Smoking: Smoking is not limited to oral and lung cancer. Cigarettes, cigarettes, and even tuberculosis can also cause bladder cancer, as some harmful chemicals are excreted out of the body through the urine. This, in turn, damages and weakens the bladder membrane, thereby increasing the risk of cancer.

Gender: Men are more likely to get this cancer during their lifetime than women.

Exposure to certain chemicals: the kidneys play a key role in filtering out harmful substances from our body and our blood system. Therefore, exposure to arsenic, aromatic amines, chemicals used to make paints, rubber, leather, etc. are dangerous to health.

Personal or family history: This is another risk factor for the disease.

Urinary tract infections or bladder problems: Inflammation or recurrent infections of the bladder and bladder stones can cause bladder cancer.

Processing steps

In addition to the diagnosis of the underlying disease, scan and endoscopic examination (cystoscopy) is the main diagnostic method. Treatment depends on the stage of the disease. Early and advanced tumors can be treated endoscopically, but as soon as they grow into the bladder wall, they are removed; the bladder becomes important.

Precautions to take

Many risk factors can be reversed by lifestyle measures and environmental protection programs, which imply effective anticipation interventions. To initiate a lifestyle change, one must avoid or, better yet, quit smoking. Drinking a lot of water because when a person urinates removes harmful chemicals that trigger and cause cancer growth. If your job requires that you stay close to chemicals, take precautions to protect yourself. Finally, include plenty of delicious fruits and vegetables, with oxidants, supplements and nutrients, in your diet. Finally, focusing on urine color and symptoms can help save lives.

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