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Tumor brain has always been a major challenge for medical science because of its very weak localization and vital functional changes. A brain tumor is caused by abnormal growth of cells within the brain or skull. Brain tumors represent 2.4% of all tumors detected, according to studies, although not all brain tumors are cancerous. Therefore, we must have a necessary understanding of it.
The exact cause of the appearance of brain tumors is still unknown. A few factors have been linked to heredity, multiple effects on radiation therapy, fertilizers, pesticides and radiation from mobile devices. Tumors of the brain are generally of two types, malignant tumors (not cancer) and malignant tumors (cancer). Brain tumors in adults are 70 percent natural, while children have the same percentage as malignant tumors. In children, it is the second most diagnosed cancer after leukemia.
Tumors such as meningioma, schwannoma, etc. is that the growth of the tumor is slow and, therefore, is detected only when it produces symptoms of pressure. It only needs to be treated if the symptoms persist or if the area of the swelling is in a clear area. When malignant tumors are aggressive in nature and rapid growth in size and number. There are two types of malignant tumors, one of which comes mainly from brain tissue such as glioma, while the second is a metastatic tumor that comes from other cancerous tissues in the body such as the lungs, breasts, and kidneys. Malignant tumors require intensive medical intervention because delayed treatment can be life-threatening.
Signs and symptoms
Progressive, recurrent headaches are a common symptom seen in brain tumor patients. But not every headache can be associated with cerebral palsy because it is the most rare cause. A brain tumor headache is usually worse at night or early in the morning and is often associated with nausea and vomiting. Other common symptoms are shock, behavioral changes, weakness in the joints, deterioration of vision or hearing. If any of these symptoms are observed, consultation with an expert should be sought without delay.
Diagnosis and treatment
Brain tumors are usually detected by MRI or CT scans. Recent advances in imaging techniques such as MRS, MRI working with PET have revolutionized the methods of detecting brain tumors. Neurosurgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the three main methods of treatment of brain tumors. Advances in neurosurgery such as telescopes as well as neurosurgery surgery have enabled the removal of brain tumors more effectively.
Radiation therapy is an important cornerstone in the treatment of cerebral palsy. Advances in advanced radiotherapy treatments have led to more accurate, accurate and effective treatment of an important area of cerebral palsy. Radiotherapy is generally performed either after surgery to prevent recurrence, or a pillow when surgery for brain tumors is not possible.
With state-of-the-art surgical techniques such as gamma / Cyberknife / Linac X-knife, very high doses of radiation beams can be observed precisely on the tumor well. With advanced radiation therapy, some brain tumors can be treated without surgery. Chemotherapy is another important treatment for brain tumors, especially optic glioma, lymphoma, or serious illness.
With the development of therapeutic approaches, there are conceptual changes in the treatment of brain tumors. It is important to detect cancer early. Symptoms of cancer should not be ignored and seek immediate treatment if any symptoms appear.
By Contributed by Dr. Ashish Bhange, Consultant Radiation Oncologist, HCG NCHRI Cancer Centre Nagpur
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed by the doctors are their independent professional judgment and we do not take any responsibility for the accuracy of their views. This should not be considered as a substitute for physician’s advice. Please consult your treating physician for more details.