Since the release of powerful AI tools ChatGPT and Google’s Bard, the discussion about whether “robots” will replace humans has grown, and studies show that some jobs – surprisingly, some traditional jobs – could be significantly affected.
Careers MOST impacted
Finance and banking
Banks have already started integrating AI into their business systems. 56% of banks say they have used technology in their business areas such as administration, and 52% say they have used it to generate revenue.
AI will bring three changes to the financial sector: job reduction, job creation, and increased efficiency. Additionally, they estimate that by 2027, 23 percent of jobs in China’s financial sector will be taken over by AI.
Media and marketing
In the marketing world, 84% of marketers said they used AI in 2020, a big jump from 29% in 2019, according to Salesforce research.
Top-performing marketing teams used an average of seven different uses of AI and machine learning in 2020, and more than half planned to increase their use in 2021, according to the report.
The AI robot has the ability to “address access to justice questions” and make legal services available to those who cannot afford them.
Some citizens have already started integrating AI into legal services, such as the startup Lawgeex, which has a service that reads contracts faster and what they claim is more accurate than humans.
Careers with least impact
Industrial and manufacturing workers
The industry has been in the process of automation for a long time, and General Motors is believed to be the first major manufacturer to implement robots in its assembly lines after the introduction of UNIMATE in 1961.
However, generating AI can speed up the process. For example, Elon Musk launched the Tesla Bot, or Optimus, an autonomous android designed to replace humans in dangerous and repetitive tasks. Musk plans to put these robots in his Tesla factories and eventually expand to millions of people around the world.
According to a report from MIT and Boston University, AI is expected to replace up to two million manufacturing workers by 2025.
A Chinese factory in the city of Dongguan replaced 90% of its workers with machines, resulting in a 250% increase in productivity and an 80% reduction in defects. A job that used to require 650 workers now requires around 60 robots and 60 humans, the company claims.
Agriculture is considered one of the oldest professions in the world and has stood the test of time, going through four different industrial revolutions.
According to the Washington Post, many small farms are not profitable enough to invest in more machinery, although large farms have already begun the process of automating heavy tasks.
However, the National Institute of Food and Agriculture funds AI research, education and extension activities in the areas of natural resources and the environment, agricultural systems and engineering, economics and rural communities.
A report from the University of Oxford predicts that medical transcriptionists, medical records, medical secretaries and health information technicians are the jobs most likely to be automated in the field, not actual providers.
This also applies to mental health – the Washington Post unsuccessfully tried to create an AI version of the famous psychologist Sigmund Freud.